The Benefits of the Biodiversity of Trees
Biodiversity refers to the wide variety of species of plants and animals that are found on earth. There are several different types of ecosystems and biospheres that are closely interlinked and form of biodiversity. The species of both types are becoming extinct at a very fast rate an there is a dire need for conservation of biodiversity.
There are several factors that have attributed to the rapid deterioration of various ecosystems. The increase in human population is the biggest reason behind the extinction of some species. Every year, a unlimited number of trees is cut to sustain the needs of industrialization and urbanization. This has resulted in a destruction of natural habitats of a large number of species. Not only this, uncontrolled felling of trees has resulted in major environmental issues like global warming, melting of glaciers, and degradation of surroundings.
The biological and environmental importance of trees has been stressed time and again. Trees are an integral part of our ecosystem and serve as a primary source for food. However, the importance of tees is not just limited to these few domains alone. Trees are known mostly for their timbre yield and form an important part of our economic systems. They help in rejuvenating disturbed soils and hence their ecological importance cannot be undermined. Similarly, trees serve as eco-developmental centers and form an important part of landscaping. Lastly, the aesthetic and recreational value of gardening too is worthy of attention in this context. This article highlights that trees are not only important for environmental sustenance but also for their historic and aesthetic values.
Ecological And Environmental Importance
Trees play a crucial role in cleansing our environment and act as the most cost effective purifiers for our planet. Apart from providing us with the necessary oxygen, they are vital for the maintenance of the oxygen cycle, which in turn breathes life into the earth. Apart from this, trees are known for their contribution towards metabolizing of toxic elements in our environment. Also they also serve as wind barriers and help control noise pollution in urban and rural areas. A large percentage of the biodiversity found on the planet Earth is owed to trees. They harbor wildlife by feeding them through fruits, nectar or leaves. From reduced soil erosion to enhanced defense against floods, the environmental role of trees is too massive to be explained in a few words.
In the last few decades, the massive boom in urbanization has led the man away from nature. Today, trees are used to make urban areas green and more livable. Their aesthetic value is high, especially for those species which boast colorful flowers and foliage. Apart from this, trees provide a cooling effect on the climate and thus enable the urban population to thrive. Trees serve as a source of recreation especially when they are planted in public places and home gardens. They may also be planted in ornamental gardens as the specimen.
Role As Sustainers
There is little doubt the fact that trees are one of the most importance sources of sustenance. They provide us with spices, food, starch, sugar, medicines, fatty oils, essential oils, bio fuels, fertilizers, dyes, and cork. This list is endless and so are the economic benefits of trees. The answer to a number of our environmental problems lies in planting more trees. They are important not just in the form of forests but also for urbanized localities. It is high time that tree planting is viewed as a national policy to balance their immense usage and to help reverse the process of land degradation.