Agricultural Biodiversity
June 7, 2017

Agricultural Biodiversity

Sometimes there's need to modify certain types of crops to guarantee their survival. This need most often leads to creativity and new invention methods to make it a reality. As one of the systems that have been around for a long time, biodiversity is a very important aspect of human lives. Without this system, we wouldn't have the variety of crops or animals that thrive to maintain sustenance. The balance of the ecosystem as a whole would also be in danger. Also known as agrobiodiversity, agricultural biodiversity refers to the wide spectrum of modifications that result from human inventions or natural processes and lead to new types of all agricultural products ranging from plants to animals.

Agricultural biodiversity also ensures the survival of rare species that are on the brink of extinction by allowing breeding. Aside from that, it controls the agro-ecosystem by ensuring that no living organism suffocates or starves the other. If people depended on just one type of crop production, it wouldn't be enough. Even with the variety that we have, it gets to a point where the plantation site isn't as productive as it should. In this case, agrobiodiversity comes in to ensure increase in production even if it means using a different species of crops or plants. This situation applies to all living organisms including trees.

Together with all this, agricultural biodiversity helps in maintaining the level of microorganisms present in the environment at all times. Some organisms like pests, weeds or diseases in the soil could destroy or help your crops thrive every time you plant. This together with others found in the air like pollinators need nutrient rotation. Without agrobiodiversity, it would be impossible to maintain a healthy balance between all these harmful and resourceful organisms and keep the diseases at bay. It would also be impossible to have a healthy balance between the domesticated animals we have and those found in the forests. In order to conserve wild life we need agricultural biodiversity. Water creatures need this system as well in order to survive. Without it, it would be tough to conserve fish and other aquatic creatures, which would lead to their complete extinction.

Contrary to most people's opinions, the human race depends on agrobiodiversity and not the other way round. It's not just important in providing food for most people but it also promotes unity among several communities by giving a sense of inter-reliance. It makes it possible to transfer one species from one place to another thereby bringing the people who have to exchange these species together. It also makes it possible to control natural processes like erosions thereby maintaining the soil nutrients keeping it fertilized at all times. Even something as basic as waste removal and disposition largely relies on this system.

All living creatures need agricultural biodiversity to survive. The whole ecosystem is a race between different kinds of organisms both living and non-living. Without proper balance, one would remove the other leading to an imbalance in the entire ecosystem. Since we rely on each other, if one species were not around the others would suffer as well. From nutrient rotation, soil maintenance, water retention, pest control and the entire environmental conversation, agrobiodiversity is a necessity.

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How is climate change affecting agriculture?
June 6, 2017

How is climate change affecting agriculture?

Food shortages prompted the production of a series of videos addressing the issue and how climate change is also contributing to the problem.United Nations food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has subsequently called for greater action to be taken by world leaders to address the risks of a food crisis as a result of climate change. While changing climate is a contributing factor to food shortages in developing nations, there are some other issues also involved.

Climate change is predicted to affect the agricultural industry by shifting weather patterns and the increased frequency and severity of extreme weather events. This will result in previously arable land becoming unsuitable for crop cultivation and the destruction of crops from flooding and other storm events. This will reduce the number of edible crops produced, raising global prices, causing the world's poorest inhabitants to struggle to feed themselves. However, there are additional causes of food shortages faced by the planet's developing countries.

The increase in biofuel production in recent years is a major factor of the food crisis being experienced by people living on or below the poverty line. Many developed nations have introduced legislation requiring fossil fuels to contain a percentage of biofuel for the use in automobiles. Producers of staple food crops such as maize and sugar cane receive a higher return from selling their crops to fuel companies. This has caused many farmers to produce crops for biofuel production rather than human consumption. Almost hundred million tons of grain was used to create biofuel; grain that could have be used in feeding the world's starving population.

While biofuel production presents a significant risk to the supply of edible crops to the developing nations, there is a greater threat causing food shortages. The world's appetite for meat has grown alarming in recent decades, predominantly in the industrializing nations of China and India. The rapidly increasing middle class believe meat consumption is a sign of affluence which is fueling an alarming increase in demand for this commodity. The resulting pressure on grain supply comes from this inefficient mean of producing food. It takes eight kilogrames of grain to produce one kilogram of beef, resulting in vast amounts of edible crops previously grown for humans being used to feeding livestock. Developed nations are also responsible for the growth in meat consumption with an increase of 50% since the 1960s. To accommodate this demand over 760 million tons were used in 2008 to feed animals.

To reduce the pressure on crops intended for human consumption, our demand for meat must be reduced. Many of the videos produced for this cause explain the value of becoming vegetarian or at least reducing our weekly intake of meat and meat products. In this way, the likelihood of a food crisis for the planet's poorest residents can be minimized.

While climate change is one factor to be considered in trying to match food production to a growing population there are others, which include the switch to crop production for biofuels, growth in the demand for meat, and therefore for animal fodder, and the degree of commodity price speculation that has been happening recently.

 

Here's a great video about climate change and agriculture:

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Animal health through nutrition
June 5, 2017

Animal health through nutrition

When an animal is given a particular food, it is given with the intention of best benefiting the animal. However, sometimes animal feeds are invalid and, therefore, do not perform the necessary function for which they are introduced. In this case, feed additives are fed. Feed additives are materials that are injected into an animal to increase the effectiveness of nutrients and affect the intestines. For a long time, antibiotics were used to feed animals. Feed additives and premixes help improve the quality of feed and the quality of food products of animal origin or improve the quality and health of animals.


Some of the common feed additives are:

Antibiotics: Although the primary use of antibiotics is the treatment of infections, some antibiotics are also used as feed additives to improve the growth and efficiency of feed conversion. Antibiotics improve feed efficiency in ruminants.

Enzymes: Due to advances in biotechnology, effective enzyme preparations can now be produced in large quantities. Enzymes used as food additives have several advantages. Their main goal is to improve the nutritional value of diets when low-quality and usually less expensive ingredients are included. Enzymes can be added to diets of ruminants, as well as to inanimate animals. Enzymes are usually present in diets for pigs and poultry.

Probiotics and prebiotics: Probiotics are food additives that are added to the ration of farm animals to improve the microbial balance of the intestine. Probiotics improve the efficiency of animal feed. This also contributes to the growth and overall welfare of the animal. This also makes animals more tolerant of extreme pH and environmental conditions.

Beta-agonists: The rules for the use of nutrients in farm animals have led to the development of technologies called metabolic modifiers. Metabolic modifiers are a group of compounds that alter the metabolism of animals in a specific and controlled manner. They improve the productive efficiency of the animal.

With a rise in concern about the safety of vaccinations, some pet owners are choosing to lessen the regularity with which they immunize their furry loved ones. And a result of that has been a failure to also maintain a regular schedule for annual health exams.

Especially with pets, since they cannot communicate the same way as humans when symptoms set in, it is important to allow your veterinary team to examine and test them for common diseases and conditions. This is a way to reduce the risk of more severe discomfort later that usually also is much costlier to treat in advanced stages.

Even when your pets appear happy or relatively normal, like in humans, health conditions can be setting in. You can find a Pet Clinic in Spring with a compassionate team of animal health care providers that will get to know your pet and make sure he or she has the best chance of a long, healthy life.

And an Animal Clinic in Spring will offer many additional services for pets as well. When advanced treatment is needed, they will be able to handle any necessary surgery or laser therapy procedures. They can advise you on spay and neutering services, so these services are performed at the best time in a pet's life. And your veterinary clinic will have the technicians and equipment needed for full X-ray service and diagnosis.

Therefore, it can be seen from the above that additives used in animal feeding, such as enzymes, probiotics, unicellular proteins and antibiotics in feed, are already widely used in intensive production systems around the world to improve nutrient availability for feed and livestock productivity.

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Can farmers make money from carbon trading?
June 2, 2017

Can farmers make money from carbon trading?

Some concepts can sound rather confusing if you are not well-acquainted with them as a farmer. Take for example the term carbon trade. When you come across the term, you are tempted to think that it is the buying and selling of carbon dioxide. Which prompts you to wonder, why would someone buy something that is freely available, and one that is touted as detrimental to the environment? If you are sailing in a similar boat, this article is aimed at answering some common questions about carbon trading.

What is carbon trade? This is a term used to refer to the buying of carbon credits which are in the form of an allotment. The credits purchased are finite and as such may come to an end while the company still requires to release carbon emissions. In this instance, the business will need to find another company from which it can buy more carbon credits.

What is the concept behind carbon trading? Carbon trading is based on the fundamental idea that businesses will be less likely to pollute the environment if they have to pay for doing so. As with most things, there exist proponents and opponents of carbon trading who hold differing arguments.

What is the origin of carbon credits? Carbon credits are thought to originate from the Kyoto Protocol of 1997. The protocol stipulated the need for countries to reduce their carbon emissions. There was a need to make developed countries to pay for their emissions while rewarding those countries that followed good environmental behavior.

What is carbon trade software? This is software that is developed for the purposes of carbon trading. It is applied in many ways. For instance, it could be used to keep tabs on the carbon credits or it could be used in the purchase of the credits. It makes the monitoring system in carbon trading easier.

How is energy trading connected? Energy comes in many forms. There is renewable energy and non-renewable energy. Energy is crucial as it keeps industries running. However, when these industries are running they are also emitting greenhouse gases. As such, energy trade necessitates carbon trading since there is need to be responsible for any pollution caused. If a company is involved in energy trade, it is also very likely that they are also shareholders in the carbon trade.

How can someone access carbon trade software? There are a lot of software development companies offering software for businesses involved in carbon trading. If you are interested in such software, all it takes is a simple online search. From there you can embark on narrowing it down to the companies that have an impressive record. Ensure you consult widely before making the final decision.

Is the investment in energy trading software development worthwhile? It definitely is especially to farmers. You can count on saving time, money and energy when you opt for the software route. It may seem like you are required to cough up a fortune at the start, but in the long run it is all worth it.

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The future of farming depends on the future of farm research
June 2, 2017

The future of farming depends on the future of farm research

Life on Earth is a highly complicated issue, one whose answers will never fully be understood. Humans have only been around in this universe for a brief period when compared to all other life on Earth, yet we have come to dominate the planet. One factor that helped spur our growth is the invention, or discovery of agriculture, and the development of farming. Without extensive scale farming, humans would never have grown as prosperous as we have become. Our economies depend on it, our livelihood depends on it, and our future may depend on it. In this article, I'll talk about various aspects of farming, why they are important and also try to bring out how the future of farming depends on the future of farm research.

Apparently, farms produce food. But the farms of today produce food not just for the farmers and those directly in contact with them, but for the whole world. Virtually everything you eat on a regular daily basis comes from some distant corner of the globe. Australia grows sugar and sells it to Japan. America produces rice and sells it to Asia. Brazil grows soybeans and sells them the United States. The global economy is largely dependent on the idea of large acres of land in the world selling their crop to end users around the world. Oil supply in the world has also contributed to the increase of productivity as many countries are focusing on the research hence leading to creation of job opportunities among the people.

Additionally, farming that was showing this point of the future of farming depends on the future of farm research is how we do research hence leading to development in our farms. Research done by the scientists indicates that the population has increased so much in the world to an extent that its causing the production of the food from our farms to decrease. The research is really motivating farmers making them to put more effort in their farms so as to increase yield in high rates hence indicating that future of farming depends on the future of farm research.

Lastly, another point that illustrates best on how the future of farming depends on the future of farm research is how farming allows countries to participate in the global economy and to prosper, no matter what they produce.Lets just assume that a certain country is producing only coffee, for example, that is enough for their consumption in the entire country. They simply sell all their coffee to all the other countries, and then use that money to buy whatever food they require. With each country growing whatever crop they do best, they can easily prosper and become wealthy. To sum up, I think farming is very important in our economy hence we need to focus as it increases the productivity of our nations and also increases the living standards of so many people in the world. We all need to focus on farming and gives it the first priority.

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The Benefits of the Biodiversity of Trees
June 1, 2017

The Benefits of the Biodiversity of Trees

Biodiversity refers to the wide variety of species of plants and animals that are found on earth. There are several different types of ecosystems and biospheres that are closely interlinked and form of biodiversity. The species of both types are becoming extinct at a very fast rate an there is a dire need for conservation of biodiversity.

There are several factors that have attributed to the rapid deterioration of various ecosystems. The increase in human population is the biggest reason behind the extinction of some species. Every year, a unlimited number of trees is cut to sustain the needs of industrialization and urbanization. This has resulted in a destruction of natural habitats of a large number of species. Not only this, uncontrolled felling of trees has resulted in major environmental issues like global warming, melting of glaciers, and degradation of surroundings.

The biological and environmental importance of trees has been stressed time and again. Trees are an integral part of our ecosystem and serve as a primary source for food. However, the importance of tees is not just limited to these few domains alone. Trees are known mostly for their timbre yield and form an important part of our economic systems. They help in rejuvenating disturbed soils and hence their ecological importance cannot be undermined. Similarly, trees serve as eco-developmental centers and form an important part of landscaping. Lastly, the aesthetic and recreational value of gardening too is worthy of attention in this context. This article highlights that trees are not only important for environmental sustenance but also for their historic and aesthetic values.

Ecological And Environmental Importance

Trees play a crucial role in cleansing our environment and act as the most cost effective purifiers for our planet. Apart from providing us with the necessary oxygen, they are vital for the maintenance of the oxygen cycle, which in turn breathes life into the earth. Apart from this, trees are known for their contribution towards metabolizing of toxic elements in our environment. Also they also serve as wind barriers and help control noise pollution in urban and rural areas. A large percentage of the biodiversity found on the planet Earth is owed to trees. They harbor wildlife by feeding them through fruits, nectar or leaves. From reduced soil erosion to enhanced defense against floods, the environmental role of trees is too massive to be explained in a few words.

Recreational Importance
In the last few decades, the massive boom in urbanization has led the man away from nature. Today, trees are used to make urban areas green and more livable. Their aesthetic value is high, especially for those species which boast colorful flowers and foliage. Apart from this, trees provide a cooling effect on the climate and thus enable the urban population to thrive. Trees serve as a source of recreation especially when they are planted in public places and home gardens. They may also be planted in ornamental gardens as the specimen.

Role As Sustainers
There is little doubt the fact that trees are one of the most importance sources of sustenance. They provide us with spices, food, starch, sugar, medicines, fatty oils, essential oils, bio fuels, fertilizers, dyes, and cork. This list is endless and so are the economic benefits of trees. The answer to a number of our environmental problems lies in planting more trees. They are important not just in the form of forests but also for urbanized localities. It is high time that tree planting is viewed as a national policy to balance their immense usage and to help reverse the process of land degradation.

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Farm Safety and Health
June 1, 2017

Farm Safety and Health

The arrival of the spring usually marks one of the busiest times of the year in the farms due to the various activities that are to be carried out. The activities are usually numerous and involves the use of various machines that range from simple to very powerful ones. It is at this moment that everyone is so pre-occupied with the activities that safety and health is not given any priority.

Farm safety and health is basically an aspect of work safety and health in the farm workplace. It is designed to address the safety and health of the individuals working the farm against hazards or injuries resulting from farm related activities. These individuals include farmers, farm workers and their families.

Farm Risks

Farm safety and health is very important to all the individuals concerned in the farm and it should thus be given the priority it deserves. This is because on the nature of the farm work activities which posses high risks when it comes to safety and health of the individuals working the farm. Statistically agricultural industry is one of the most dangerous job to work because of the work related injuries that have caused deaths and permanent damage. The fatality rate for workers in the private sector is thought to be 7 times lower than that of workers in the agriculture industry with the tractor overturn being the leading cause of death.

Also, farmers are affected by lost-work-time injury whereby some lead to a permanent damage. When it come s to non-fatal injuries, farmers are faced with other various problems that are high risk such as skin diseases, hearing loss, lung problems, exposure to harmful chemicals prolonged exposure to the sun. Youths who are as young as 15 years are also involved in the farm work activities and unfortunately they are among the casualties.

Laws and Regulations

The agricultural industries posses unique challenges such as huge labor force, different environmental conditions and diverse production which make it difficult to address and implement labor laws on job safety and health in the workplace, unlike other industries.

Improving the Farms Safety and Health

It is important for every individual doing any farm activities are well safeguarded and that their safety and health is given first priority over everything. This means carrying out various measures to improving the safety and health standards in the farm. Below are some of the ways that you can do to improve safety in the farm;

  • Train Workers

You can embark on training the farm workers on that basic safety and health rules before spring break. The training may involve the use of the proper attire and emergency protocol to observe incase of any eventuality.

  • Hiring Youth

Many farm work activities are considered to be dangerous to the youths especially for the youths under the age of 16 years. There are some exceptions on the activities that the youths can do in the farm. Consult with the relevant authority to know the tasks that youths are legally required to do.

  • Pre-Operational Checks

Conducting pre-operational checks early will be important in identifying any faults that may arise later and cause injury or costly repairs and downtime repairs.

  • PTO Shielding

The power take off shaft is widely used machine in the farm in conducting numerous activities. It usually transfers power from the tractor to the machine and it basically presents potential risk of entanglement that can cause great injury or even death. It is important to keep all PTO parts shielded and you can buy the shields from any authorized farm shop. You can also clean and repair the components on a regular basis.

  • Use of Public Roads

Though most farm machine travel at 25mph, there are some that can travel even faster and the driver can underestimate braking time needed to avoid collision. There are special markings and lighting that are specifically designed for farm machines using public roads.

The farm owner and all other workers play a huge role in providing food security and driving the economy forward. It is therefore important that their well being is given first priority and make farming more safe and healthy for any person to work in.

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Agricultural Entrepreneurship
June 1, 2017

Agricultural Entrepreneurship

INTRODUCTION

Agricultural entrepreneurship refers to the production and marketing of agricultural products. Like any other business, the aim is to get profits. You may decide to work alone or collaborate with a team.

EMERGENCE OF AGRICULTURAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Back in the day, human beings decided domesticate animals and plants, and farm. This helped them stay stationary instead of roaming around looking for food. There was no money during that period. The farmers traded the extra food products for other goods. This was the time agricultural entrepreneurship became evident.

Years went by and industrial evolution started. Cities sprang up. Farmers realized the need to trade their products between cities. They started large scale farming. They had the means to transport their agricultural products. They would trade rice from China across Asia. They also traded coffee, lemons and oranges from Arabia to Europe. Agricultural entrepreneurship has expanded ever since.

STRATEGIES TO KEEP UP WITH AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS DEMANDS

  •  Adapt to changing pace

In the current market, the consumer expectations and demands are high. Agricultural entrepreneurs should be ready to meet these ever changing expectations.

  •  Embrace technology

Entrepreneurs should use technology to keep improve communication with their customers.

  • Training and development

Equipping employees with the necessary skills and expertise will improve the agricultural productivity.

  • Introducing flexibility in the workforce

This is where employees are given freedom to switch their duties and responsibilities among each other. This improves performance and the pace of production in the long run.

  • Have scalable resources

It is important to have resources that are designed to support the business during the demand period.

ROLES OF AGRICULTURAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP

  • Creation of job opportunities

Agricultural entrepreneurs create jobs for the employees working in the farms. The transportation sector and the veterinary team among others.

  • Growth of economy

Sales made in a region helps bring in more money in that region. This leads to growth of the general economy in that region.

  • Food security

Agricultural entrepreneurship contributes to introduction of new food crops in the sector. This means that there is enough food in that region which secures food security.

  • It leads invention and innovation

It leads to coming up with new agricultural ideas. These ideas help develop and sustain the agricultural sector.

 

CHALLENGES FACING AGRICULTURAL ENTREPRENUERSHIP

As much as agricultural entrepreneurship has many benefits, it also has challenges.

  • Lack of skilled employees

Most of the employees required in agricultural farms are not skilled. Most entrepreneurs have to train them before they give them duties. This is time consuming.

  • Financial problems

Young entrepreneurs sometimes lack financial aid from the relevant sponsors. Some local banks are reluctant to get involved in these new business ventures. It is almost impossible to start up a business without sufficient financial aid.

  • Identifying markets

Today, most markets seek suppliers with federally inspected products. This is a challenge for young entrepreneurs. They may end up lacking a market to supply their products.

  •  Insufficient management assistance for starting and operating the business

Agricultural entrepreneurs require technical assistance for product development. This becomes a challenge when a farmer’s product requires more advanced knowledge than that which is available for them

 

CONCLUSION

Agricultural entrepreneurship plays a very important role. I would encourage people to embrace this line of entrepreneurship, understand their market well and work on the challenges involved.

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Organic Farming
June 1, 2017

Organic Farming

Organic farming alludes to methods for farming that does not include the utilization of chemicals, for example, compound composts and substance pesticides. Various little ranchers have been honing organic farming; be that as it may, since they are ignorant of the market openings, they are not ready to receive the rewards of organic farming.


Organic farming is really the type of agribusiness that depends on the strategies of harvest turn, compost and natural pesticides. In this farming, bio manures and pesticides are used and entirely denies the use of manufactured composts, which includes bug sprays and pesticides. This farming manages the wellbeing of top soil and eco-frameworks and is the ideal mix of custom and science.In this farming, creature compost, some prepared manures, shake phosphate, a characteristic type of potash is used and every one of these items together work and control soil disintegration. The mixes like aluminum sulfate, iron and magnesium sulfate are permitted and used in this farming. Various organizations have perform natural research on soil creatures and it has been demonstrated that this organic or organic farming is really advantageous. 

As per an exploration directed by the Office of Evaluation and Studies (OE), International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD), little ranchers in Latin America, China and India can profit radically from organic farming and will help in lightening neediness in these nations. Organic farming is being prepared to end present day ranchers' battles coming about to different obligations and farming area mortgages.Below are a portion of the advantages of organic farming for little agriculturists:


Higher Premium - Organic costs of organic nourishments are typically 20-30% higher than customary sustenance. This higher premium would implied reasonable and better returns for the little agriculturists, a considerable lot of whom are as yet battling with attempting to accomplish better comes back from their ranches.


Bring down Investment - Organic farming don't require high capital venture when contrasted with other farming methods.With the taking off expenses of chemicals and manures utilized as a part of the farms,many agriculturists has now understood the advantages and money related prizes of organic farming as they utilize common made fertilizer which are free. In instances of common catastrophe, irritation or sickness assault, and unpredictable precipitation, when there is a yield disappointment, little agriculturists rehearsing organic farming need to endure less as their ventures are lower.

Bring down Operating Costs - Further, since organic manures and pesticides can be created locally, the yearly expenses caused by the rancher are likewise low. Farming enormously relies on upon outer elements, for example, atmosphere, bothers, malady. Facilitate the vast majority of the little agriculturists are reliant on normal rain for water.


Bring down Financial Burdens - Many little agriculturists worldwide are presently in more noteworthy obligation because of the taking off costs of chemicals,fertilizers,animal charges and fuel.Many are obligation ridden.However,an organic rancher which depends on common and independent normal manures and farming techniques have lesser money related weights and risks.The expanding interest for their organic items will additionally fortify their monetary position.


More prominent Knowledge - Small ranchers have plenitude of farming information with them and inside their community.Most of these learning antedates to the time when their progenitors were farming utilizing conventional and characteristic ways.


Organic farming is not another technique, but rather one which originates before to a huge number of years when every family has their own territory to ranch and deliver food.Just a century back, there are no expansive scale business farming and there are no concoction plants that produces synthetic composts.

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Sustainable Soil Management
June 1, 2017

Sustainable Soil Management

Sustainable soil management is the practice of helping the soil to maintain a balance of nutrients to provide fertile growing conditions for the plants. The best-managed soil will be crumbly and rich in organic matter. It will drain well without becoming waterlogged in the rain or after a thorough watering. Good soil quality is vital to the success of any planting endeavor. Aside from that, having healthy soil can give better air quality and clean water. Agricultural lands, forests and other areas where planting is done can also thrive and give out a bountiful harvest.


No matter which type of soil you end up with, it's important to understand that all soils will greatly benefit from certain kinds of enrichment, whether from organic fertilizers, manures or compost materials. The health of your garden, no matter what you plant, will rely on the fertility of the soil. Fertile soil is the basis for organic gardening, whose Golden Rule is, 'Feed the Soil, Not the Plant.' One of the most commonly available organic products around to use in a sustainable soil management program is good old-fashioned manure.

However, to be considered truly natural, that manure must be aged.It's tough to purchase any purely organic matter to use in your garden, even when it comes to manure. To get around this, any manure you buy from a supplier, or even from the neighbor's pasture, should be allowed to "age" for about a year to leach out any chemicals or toxins. Just as plants, flowers, trees and any other living thing needs nutrients in various components and proportions, the soil also needs to maintain a balance of nutrients to provide fertile growing conditions for anything you wish to plant. Some of the most shared and necessary nutrients found in well-sustained soil are:


Oxygen - The amount of oxygen in the soil will determine the health and type of life it supports.

Water - Water is vital for all forms of life. However, too much water causes oxygen levels to drop and slows down nutrition cycles.

Nitrogen - Produces complex molecules like amino acids, nucleic acids, and proteins commonly known as the 'building blocks' of life. It comes mostly from the decomposition of organic matter.

Phosphorus - This trace element is second only to nitrogen as the most important element in the soil to promote root growth.

Iron - This is needed for the process that creates chlorophyll.

Manganese - This is also a trace element that is necessary for the formation of both chlorophyll and protein.

Copper - This is yet another trace element that activates enzymes, which stimulate cellular growth.

Boron - This trace is needed by all organic tissues of a plant.


All types of soils will greatly benefit from some enrichment, whether it comes from organic fertilizers, manures or compost materials. The health of your garden, no matter what you plant, will rely on how well your soil is managed. Organic matter is the most important component of having good soil quality. It serves as the reservoir of water and nutrients needed by the soil, reduces crusting and compaction on surfaces and infiltrates water. However, organic matter is often disregarded and misunderstood.

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